Oral Health and Bullying: How Dentists Can Spot Verbal Abuse
If you follow our blog, then you know dentists can detect potentially serious conditions that affect your entire body simply by looking in your mouth. A new study suggests dentists may also be able to spot bullying.
Bullying has grown into a major problem that puts countless adolescents under heightened emotional stress. According to the New York Daily News, data collected in Brazil reveals that kids who are bullied are more likely to grind their teeth while they sleep.
A Strikingly Common Habit
Researchers looked at the oral health and academic experiences of over 300 children ages thirteen to fifteen.
This equates to 65% of students who were bullied and ground their teeth compared to 17% who were bullied but didn’t grind their teeth.
“Both children and adults tend to grind their teeth when suffering from stress,” says Dr. Nigel Carter, CEO of the Oral Health Foundation, “and bullying is a significant contributor here. Sleep bruxism can be particularly damaging as we are often unaware that we do it.”
What Causes Bruxism?
An abnormal bite can lead to bruxism, but it is usually attributed to stress, anxiety, and sleep disorders like sleep apnea.
In 2017, actor Demi Moore confessed to Jimmy Fallon that over the past two years, stress caused her to grind her two front teeth so hard that her dentist was forced to remove them. The two, shiny front teeth she sported on The Tonight Show were fake.
Symptoms of bruxism include worn down teeth, hypersensitive teeth and jaw aches. As Dr. Carter said, most sufferers of bruxism don’t know they grind their teeth until someone who sleeps in the same room hears them in the act.
While bruxism is usually experienced at night, some sufferers have been known to grind their teeth while doing chores or driving, reports the BBC.
A Vital Insight into a Child’s State of Mind
With this new evidence about the likely cause, UK charity the Oral Health Foundation is urging parents and school nurses to view these symptoms in children as signs of bullying or other emotionally debilitating problems.
“Bullying of any form is absolutely abhorrent and can have both a physical and psychological impact, and when experienced in childhood, can lead to trauma that might last throughout adulthood,” Dr. Carter said.
“Grinding teeth may not sound like a priority within the wider picture, but it could prove to give a vital insight into a child’s state of mind and could be an important sign for us to identify bullying at an earlier stage,” Dr. Carter added.
Grinding teeth may not sound like a priority within the wider picture, but it could… be an important sign for us to identify bullying at an earlier stage.
Dentists who detect bruxism may fit the patient with a plastic mouth guard to help protect the teeth. Arguably, the most effective way to break the habit, however, is relieving stress via exercise, meditation, or even psychological counseling.
The only way to know if you have bruxism or your symptoms are a cause for concern is by going to the dentist at least twice a year. The cost of preventing this and other oral health conditions will far outweigh the cost of repairing damage after it’s done.